April 19, 2024


Equality opinion

Employment Act to apply to all employees from 1 September 2022, some sections subject to increased salary threshold of RM4,000/month

Employment Act to apply to all employees from 1 September 2022, some sections subject to increased salary threshold of RM4,000/month

When the Employment (Amendment) Act 2022 (“the Modification Act”) was gazetted before this yr, there was significantly confusion about what the scope of the Work Act (“EA”) would be as soon as the Modification Act arrived into drive. This confusion was fuelled by the govt not amending the To start with Schedule at the similar time the Modification Act was handed, and also continuously stating that the EA’s scope would be expanded so that all workforce regardless of wage would be entitled to the EA added benefits and protections, with many field industry experts sharing the check out that these types of a blanket enlargement would be impractical for quite a few good reasons.

With the gazetting of the Work (Amendment of First Timetable) Purchase 2022 (“First Routine Amendment Order”) on 15 August 2022, there at last is clarity on the scope of the EA from 1 September 2022.

EA salary threshold improved from RM2,000 to RM4,000

Prior to the new amendments, the vast majority of the EA only utilized to staff members earning up to RM2,000/thirty day period, or to specified teams of staff members irrespective of wages (e.g. all those engaged in or supervising guide labour, and numerous other groups). The present EA established out precise provisions to empower non-EA workforce to also be provided in the sections of the EA about maternity defense (Part IX) and sexual harassment (Element XVA).

Subsequent the Very first Routine Amendment Purchase which will arrive into force on 1 September 2022, the way the EA scope is outlined has been reversed. Though it previously only utilized to employees earning up to RM2,000/thirty day period with some particular sections making use of to all personnel, it will now use to all staff members irrespective of wages, with some particular sections not making use of to employees earning a lot more than RM4,000/thirty day period. Below are the particulars:

  1. The EA will now implement to “any particular person who has entered into a contract of service”.
  2. Nonetheless, the sections of the EA in relation to extra time payments and termination advantages will not utilize to employees whose wages exceed RM4,000/thirty day period (the complete list of excluded EA provisions is detailed beneath).
  3. The list of EA provisions which do not use to domestic personnel (beforehand known as domestic servants) has also been expanded.

This is the complete checklist of EA provisions which will not utilize to employees earning additional than RM4,000/month:

  • Subsection 60(3): Time beyond regulation for operate on relaxation days.
  • Subsection 60A(3): Extra time for do the job outside the house of standard functioning several hours.
  • Subsection 60C(2A): Change perform allowance.
  • Subsection 60D(3): Additional time and allowance for work on general public vacations.
  • Subsection 60D(4): Extra time for get the job done on holidays on 50 % performing times.
  • Subsection 60J: Termination, lay-off, and retirement positive aspects.

What businesses need to do

All companies will require to overview their existing employment contracts and policies to be certain that they comply with the EA. It ought to be observed that Section 7 of the EA states that any terms or ailments which are significantly less favourable to an staff than individuals supplied below the EA will be void and of no effect. This incorporates contracts which had been entered into just before 1 September 2022.

(For a extra comprehensive seem at the changes below the Modification Act, go through my earlier post: “Malaysia Employment Act amendments: 7 vital adjustments for companies to note”)